Freedom

A Former Prosecutor — Who Knows How To Win

With 20 years of experience in the criminal justice system, I know how to get positive results for clients who have been charged with a criminal offense. With insider knowledge and a drive to win, I am the attorney defendants turn to when dismissal — and freedom — is their goal.

High Rate Of Dismissals And Acquittals

Recognized by the Equal Justice Foundation for my “high rate of
acquittals and dismissals” in domestic violence cases.

Former Domestic Violence/Sex Assault Prosecutor

With a background in criminal prosecution, I have the know-how and insight
to stand-up for your constitutional rights.

Domestic Violence Defense

Falsely accused? Misunderstood? Targeted by a spiteful significant other?
I can help.

Sexual Assault Defense

I don’t judge. I provide mitigating evidence to the
court to paint a complete, accurate picture.

2016 - 10 Best Client satisfaction - American Institute of Criminal Law Attorneys(TM)
Criminal trail lawyers top 25
National premier NACDA top ten ranking 2016
Florida association of criminal defence lawyers
2016 - 10 Best Client satisfaction - American Institute of Criminal Law Attorneys(TM)
Palm beach association of criminal defence lawyers
Avvo rating 10.0 superb top attorney criminal defence
Palm beach association of criminal defence lawyers
Avvo clients choice 2015 criminal defence
The national top 100 trail lawyers
Avvo rating superb top attorney criminal defence
National women top 100 trail lawyers
Lawyers of Distinction 2018
2016 - 10 Best Client satisfaction - American Institute of Criminal Law Attorneys(TM)
2016 - 10 Best Client satisfaction - American Institute of Criminal Law Attorneys(TM)
Avvo clients choice 2015 criminal defence
Criminal trail lawyers top 25
Palm beach association of criminal defence lawyers
The national top 100 trail lawyers
National premier NACDA top ten ranking 2016
Avvo rating 10.0 superb top attorney criminal defence
Avvo rating superb top attorney criminal defence
Florida association of criminal defence lawyers
Palm beach association of criminal defence lawyers
National women top 100 trail lawyers
Lawyers of Distinction 2018
"The Highest Rate Of Acquittals and Dismissals"
— Equal Justice Foundation
"The Highest Rate Of Acquittals and Dismissals"
— Equal Justice Foundation

How eye movement can demonstrate impairment

Law enforcement uses standardized field sobriety tests all across the U.S. to assess driver impairment due to drugs and/or alcohol. This means that wherever you go in the country, if you get pulled over for possible DUI and the officer chooses to administer FSTs, you will undergo the same three tests.

In addition to the one-leg-stand and walk-and-turn tests, you will likely undergo a test known colloquially as the follow-the-finger test. Its scientific name, however, is the horizontal gaze nystagmus test.

What is horizontal gaze nystagmus?

Nystagmus is a medical term for involuntary eye movement, e.g., twitching, bouncing or jerking. There are many different kinds of nystagmus, and they have many different causes. However, authorities who pull you over are looking for a specific pattern called horizontal gaze nystagmus.

HGN is involuntary, meaning that you cannot control it, and it does not affect your vision, so you may not even be aware of it. It is less pronounced when you are sober because your nervous system is usually effective at maintaining smooth and accurate sideways eye motion. However, certain substances, including alcohol, depress your neurologic function, meaning that it is no longer able to compensate for horizontal gaze nystagmus as effectively as it would ordinarily.

What do authorities look for during an HGN test?

During a horizontal gaze nystagmus test, the law enforcement officer will ask you to keep your head still and follow the back-and-forth movement of an object, e.g., a pen, a finger or a small penlight, with your eyes alone. He or she will be looking for the following signs:

  • Distinct nystagmus at maximum deviation
  • The onset of nystagmus prior to 45 degrees
  • Lack of smooth pursuit

Before administering the test, the officer will ensure that you face away from the road where cars may pass with their lights on, as well as the flashing lights of the cruiser, in the interest of obtaining accurate results. He or she may shine a flashlight in your eyes if the test takes place in a poorly lit area.